Research: Most countries grapple with "energy trilemma"

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Most of the world is far from achieving fully sustainable energy systems, according to new research from the World Energy Council.

WEC contends that countries must balance the trade-offs between the three challenges of the trilemma -- energy security, social equity and environmental impact mitigation -- if they are to provide sustainable energy systems.

Countries using a larger amount of low-carbon energy like renewables and nuclear as part of a diversified energy mix tend to perform better, according to the report.

The top 10 performing countries in order are Sweden, Switzerland, Canada, Norway, Finland, New Zealand, Denmark, Japan, France and Austria.

While these top performers also tend to be richer countries, some less affluent ones do also outperform their economic peers," said Joan MacNaughton, executive chair of the world energy trilemma report. "What distinguishes all these countries from the others is that they have more effective and coherent policies."

For more:
- see the sustainability index
- see the report

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